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2019-09-21

秸秆加塑料,会产生什么?答案是一种新型生物质材料——木塑产品2017年中国木塑产品产量接近300万吨,占世界总产量的三分之二,生产、销售、消费以及出口均居于世界第一。

What happens when straw is added with plastic? The answer is a new biomass material, wood-plastic products. In 2017, China's output of wood and plastic products was close to 3 million tons, accounting for two-thirds of the world's total output. Its production, sales, consumption and export ranked first in the world.

生态环境部环境发展中心当天举行中国环境标志木塑制品进入政府绿色采购清单暨中国环境标志木塑制品认证企业颁证仪式。国内4家木塑企业12日获得了中国环境标志认证,其产品近期将可进入政府采购清单。

On the same day, the Environmental Development Center of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment held a ceremonial ceremony for China's environmental label wood and plastic products to enter the government's green procurement list and certification enterprises of China's environmental label wood and plastic products. Four domestic wood and plastic enterprises were certified by China Environmental Marks on December 12, and their products will be included in the government procurement list in the near future.

木塑产品

木素产品

据了解,木塑制品所用的“木”主要是林产品加工废弃物如锯末、木屑、竹屑等,和一些草本材料如麦秸、糠壳、花生壳及甘蔗渣等,经过筛选、粉碎、研磨等工艺处理成木质原料。木塑制品中的 “塑”目前主要是采用热塑性塑料,包括聚乙烯、聚丙烯和聚氯乙烯等,实际生产中可以用新料,也可以用回收料以及二者的混合料。

It is understood that the "wood" used in wood-plastic products is mainly forest products processing waste such as sawdust, sawdust, bamboo chips, and some herbal materials such as wheat straw, chaff hull, peanut hull and bagasse, after screening, crushing, grinding and other processes to deal with wood raw materials. At present, "plastic" in wood-plastic products mainly uses thermoplastic plastics, including polyethylene, polypropylene and polyvinyl chloride, etc. In actual production, new materials can be used, recycled materials and mixtures of the two can also be used.

木塑制品原料广泛,产品外观和质感酷似木材,并具有和木材一样的加工性能、施工性能,产品很大程度上避免了天然木材的缺陷,如龟裂、翘曲、疤结、明显色差。这种产品的可塑性和易安装性大大减轻了家具制造、安装的工作量,符合装配式建筑要求。

Wood-plastic products have a wide range of raw materials. The appearance and texture of the products are similar to wood. They have the same processing and construction properties as wood. To a large extent, the products avoid the defects of natural wood, such as cracking, warping, scarring and obvious color difference. The plasticity and easy installation of this product greatly reduces the workload of furniture manufacturing and installation, and meets the requirements of assembly building.

尽管木塑产业整个生产体系做到了绿色环保,但优质产品的体量较小,行业良莠不齐现象突出,需要提高中高端产品比重,提升行业竞争力。

Although the whole production system of wood-plastic industry has achieved green and environmental protection, the volume of high-quality products is small and the industry is uneven. It is necessary to increase the proportion of high-end products and enhance the competitiveness of the industry.


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